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WASTE CHARACTERIZATION & CATEGORY

 

In practice it is very difficult to identify and segregate every article of medical waste form solid waste stream. Therefore, the medical waste is categorized into groups, which are amenable to specific treatments/disposal methods. As per Bio-medical waste (management and handling) rules, 1998, the bio-medical waste has been grouped into following categories:

 
1 Human Anatomical Waste: Human tissues, organs, body parts etc
2

Animal waste: Animal tissues, organs, body parts, carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospitals, colleges, discharge from hospitals, animal houses. .

3

Microbiology and Biotechnology Waste: Wastes from laboratory cultures, stocks of specimens of micro-organisms, live or attenuated vaccine, human and animal cell cultures use in research and infectious agents from research and industrial laboratories, wastes from production of biological, toxins, dishes and devices used for transfer of cultures.

4

Waste Sharps: Needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass, etc that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps.

5

Discarded Medicines and Cytotoxic Drugs: Wastes comprising of outdated or contaminated medicines and discarded medicines.

6 Soiled Waste: It means contaminated with blood and body fluids including cotton, dressings, spoiled plaster casts, linens, beddings, other materials contaminated with blood.
7

Solid Waste: Wastes generated from the disposable items other than the waste sharps such as tubings, catheters, intravenous sets, etc

8

Liquid Wastes: Waste generated from laboratory and washing, cleaning, house-keeping and disinfecting activities.

9

Incineration Ash: Ash from incineration of any bio-medical waste.

10

Chemical Waste: Chemicals used in production of biological, chemicals used in disinfection, as insecticides, etc.

 
ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT. 1986
 
SCHEDULE - I
 
CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE
 
  WASTE CATEGORY NO
CATEGORY (TYPE) TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL OPTION
CATEGORY.NO.1 HUMAN ANATOMICAL WASTE
(HUMAN TISSUES, ORGANS, BODY PART)
INCINERATION @ /DEEP BURIAL
     
CATEGORY NO.2 ANIMAL WASTE
(ANIMAL TISSUES, ORGANS, BODY PARTS CARCASSES, BLEEDING PARTS, FLUID BLOOD AND EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS USED IN RESEARCH WASTE GENERATED BY VETERINARY HOSPITALS COLLEGES, DISCHARGE FROM HOSPITALS ANIMAL HOUSES.)
INCINERATION @ /DEEP BURIAL
       
CATEGORY NO.3 MICRO-BIOLOGY AND BIO-TECHNOLOGY WASTE
(WASTE FROM LABORATORY CULTURES, STOCKS OR LOCAL SPECIMENS OF MICRO-ORGANISM LIVE OR ATTENUATED VACCINES, HUMAN AND ANIMAL CELL CULTURE USED IN RESEARCH AND INFECTIOUS AGENTS FROM RESEARCH AND INDUSTRIAL LABORATORIES WASTE PRODUCTION OF TOXINS DISHES AN DEVICES USED FOR TRANSFER OF CULTURES)
LOCAL AUTOCLAVING
MICRO WAVING / INCINERATION @
 
     
CATEGORY NO.4 WASTE SHARPS
(NEEDLES, SYRINGES, SCALPELS, BLADES, GLASS ETC. THAT MAY CAUSE PUNCTUATOR AND CUT. THIS INCLUDES BOTH USED AND UNUSED SHARPS)
DISINFECTIONS (CHEMICAL TREATMENT)
@@/ AUTO CLAVING/ MICRO WAVING AND MUTILATION / SHREDDING # #
 

CATEGORY NO.5 DISCARDED MEDICINES AND CYTOTOXIC DRUGS
(WASTES COMPRISING OF OUTDATED. CONTAMINATED AND DISCARDED MEDICINES)
INCINERATION @ / DESTRUCTION AND
DRUGS DISPOSAL IN SECURED LANDFILLS.
 
CATEGORY NO 6 SOILED WASTE
( ITEMS CONTAMINATED WITH BLOOD AND BODY INCLUDING COTTON, DRESSINGS, SOILED PLASTER LINES, BEDDING OTHER MATERIAL CONTAMINATED WITH BLOOD)
INCINERATION @ / AUTO CLAVING MICRO WAVING.
 
CATEGORY NO 7 SOLID WASTE
(WASTE GENERATED FROM DISPLSABLE IEMS OTHER THEN THE WASTE SHARPS SUCH AS TUBING, CATHETERS, INTRAVENOUS SETS ETC.)
DISINFECTIONS BY CHEMICAL TREATMENT @@ AUTOCLAVING/MICROWAVING AND MUTILATION/SHREDDING##
 
 
 
 
BIO-MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT AND
HANDLING RULES, 1998
 
SCHEDULE - II
 
  WASTE CATEGORY NO
CATEGORY (TYPE) TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL OPTION
CATEGORY NO 8 LIQUID WASTE
( WASTE GENERATED FROM LABORATORY AND WASHING, CLEANING HOUSEKEEPING AND DIS-INFECTION ACTIVITIES)
DISINFECTION BY CHEMICAL TREATMENT @@ AND DISCHARGE INTO DRAINS.
 
CATEGORY NO 9 INCINERATION ASH
( ASH FROM INCINERATION OF ANY BIO-MEDICAL WASTE )
DISPOSAL IN MUNICIPAL LANDFILL
 
CATEGORY NO 10 CHEMICAL WASTE
(CHEMICAL USED IN PRODUCTION OF BIOLOGICAL, CHEMICALS USED IN DISINFECTION, AS INSECTICIDES/ETC.)
CHEMICAL TREATMENT @@ AND DISCHARGE INTO DRAINS FOR LIQUIDS AND SECURED LANDFILL FOR SOLIDS